Bright Adobe House Landscape Level 2-8


Adobe House Landscape

Art Lesson Plan by Grecia Villa



Taos Pueblo, New Mexico is known for its Adobe houses–houses that are made from earth, clay, grass and other organic materials. This style of house was originated by the indigenous Pueblo. Adobe houses were created to make the most of the hot, dry climate found in the American southwest. They include features such as roof extensions meant to catch rainwater, which can be so scarce. The walls also do a good job at regulating the temperature in a climate that has very hot sunny days and cool nights.

This interesting style of architecture, combined with the scenic mountains of Taos Pueblo, makes for an excellent choice of a landscape drawing for beginners. Students can learn about drawing a foreground, middle-ground, and background, as well as the other elements that go into creating a landscape. This project also serves as a great piece of chalk pastel art for beginners that will allow many students to explore a new medium.



I can make an Adobe house landscape that shows a foreground, middle ground, and background. I can learn to use chalk pastels and oil pastels and see how they can really pop against a dark background. I can also learn more about Taos Pueblo Adobe houses and their rich history.



Anchor Standard #1
-Generate and conceptualize artistic ideas and work.

Anchor Standard #5
-Develop and refine artistic techniques and work for

Anchor Standard #11
-Relate artistic ideas and work with societal, cultural
and historical context to deepen understanding.



Present a PowerPoint about Adobe House Architecture from New Mexico’s well known destination, Taos Pueblo. Introduce the definition of Architecture, and show a video that elaborates on the site’s significance. Connecting this to American artist Georgia O’Keeffe would also be acceptable since New Mexico’s surroundings inspired her. Students will share facts that they remember from the Powerpoint presentation, and describe the aesthetic of Adobe homes. Explain what elements are needed in a landscape. Demonstrate project expectations before students work independently at their tables with a supportive reference document.


Step 1:
Using your pencil, draw 2 or 3 Adobe homes in the foreground, mountains across the middle-ground, and a sun in the background. Add details from Taos Pueblo’s historical site such as ladders and plants.

Adobe House Landscape Art Lesson Plan


Step 2:
Trace your pencil lines with black oil pastel.

Adobe house landscape Art Lesson Plan


Step 3:
Fill in your design with chalk pastels by first laying down a color of your choice. Then, use two fingers to smooth, mix, and spread your color throughout your landscape. This will allow you to blend the chalk pastels well and really get their full effect. Remember to wipe your fingers on a tissue before switching to a different color.

Adobe house landscape Art Lesson Plan


Step 4:
Trace your ENTIRE drawing one more time with black oil pastel in order for your design to stand out successfully!

Adobe house landscape Art Lesson Plan


While your students are working on their pieces, teach them these fun facts about Adobe houses!

  1. “Adobe” is the Spanish word for “mudbrick.”
  2. “Pueblo” directly translates to town in Spanish, but a pueblo can also refer to a large adobe house.
  3. Adobe houses have likely been around since the 8th century BCE and were originally built partially in the ground.
  4. The walls of Adobe houses absorb heat during the day stopping the intense heat and sun from getting inside the house and then contain this warmth during cool nights.
  5. There are talks of creating Adobe construction projects on Mars, thanks to the planet’s large supply of clay-like soil.
*Don’t forget to put student name and year on the drawing, at least one inch away from the outside border.*

To use this lesson as an art fundraiser, go to

Required Materials

  • 01Black construction paper
  • 02Pencil
  • 03Multi-colored chalk pastels
  • 04Black oil pastel
  • 05Tissues
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